Short history of the Magyar Runic Scripts: The most disputed point of the Hungarian culture's past is, that, if our forefathers have had any kind of a writing skill of their own. Day by day is proven that our ancestors arrived to the Carpathian Basin as a nation with the knowledge of writing. Most of the elements of the runic scripts were acquired by the Magyars on the eastern lands where they used to rest before the conquest. The shape of the letters were mainly influenced by the fact that the row was heading from right to left. They used the vowels very rarely and when they did they did it only for the long ones. This shows the relation to the Arabic style (Semite writing family...). The Turks extended their empire to the Black Sea, where new nations formed with their lands: the Kaganat Kazaks and the Western Turks. The two (1. &2.) drawings bellow show us two Turkish runic scripts:
Papers about the Szekler Hungarian Rovas, the Carpathian Basin Hungarian Rovas, and the Khazar Rovas Scripts The Székely people or the Szeklers, (Hungarian: Székely, Romanian: Secui, German: Szekler, Latin: Sicul), are a Hungarian speaking ethnic group. They are an ethnic subgroup of the Hungarian nation. It is now generally accepted that they are true Hungarians, or Magyars, transplanted there to guard the frontier, their name meaning simply frontier guards. Their organization was of the Turkic type, and they are probably of Turkic (possibly Avar) stock. By the 11th century they had adopted the Hungarian language. However their ethnic origins are disputed. Along with the Saxons, the Székely played a key role in the defense of the Medieval Kingdom of Hungary against the Turks in their role as guards of the eastern border. Today they live mostly in the counties of Harghita, Covasna and Mureş in Romania, with a significant population also living in Tolna, Hungary. Based on official 2002 Romanian census numbers, approximately 1,434,000 ethnic Hungarians live in Romania, mostly in Transylvania. Of these, about 665,000 live in the counties of Harghita, Covasna and parts of Mureş, with a Székely majority (65%). The Székely therefore account for a significant part (45%) of the Hungarian minority in Romania.
Carved into the broken stump of one of the stones of the Ring o' Brodgar in Stenness, is a group of Norse runes. The runes are found on the third standing stone, counting clockwise from the ring's north-western entrance causeway. The style of the runes used on the Brodgar stone is known as twig runes - so called because of their twig-like appearance. These twig runes are cryptographic and are deciphered by counting the branches on either side of the rune (right then left) and referring to a corresponding letter from the chart. The Brodgar runes were found in 1907, during an operation to erect a fallen stone. When the stone was lifted, the runic script was discovered on the side that had been lying on the ground. But attempting to translate the Brodgar runes using the normal method of decrypting twig runes yields nothing - either NROUN or possible NUON. Shortly after their discovery, the scholar Magnus Olson read the runes from right to left. Ignoring a faint "branch" on the furthest right rune, he stated the runes read "biorn", representing the personal name "Bjorn". Olsen's theory is not entirely accepted, however.
Golden rune fibula found in the kingly chamber No 106 and its contour copy from the reverse (c. 5 cm or 2 inches in diameter). Rune type experts have read one of its engravings either A-T-A-N-O or A-T-A-L-O.More information. This piece belongs also to the stock of Burghof-Museum Soest. Photos and illustrations by the author.
There are 37 identified rune stones in Täby. Their inscriptions have provided many interesting and useful insights into the life and destinies of the people living in the Viking Age. Judging from the inscriptions of the rune stones and legends, the most important man at that time was Jarlabanke. Täby Municipality's coat of arms originates from one of the Risbyle rune stones (Risbylestenarna) located on the western bank of Lake Vallentuna. A Russian-Byzantium cross depicted in the centre of the stone symbolises the world´s gospel.
There was a unifying language spoken by the Celts, called not surprisingly, old Celtic. Philogists have shown the decadence of Celtic from the original Ur-language and from the Indo-European language tradition. In fact, the form of old Celtic was the closest cousin to Italic, the precursor of Latin. The original wave of Celtic immigrants to the British Isles are called the q-Celts and spoke Goidelic. It is not known exactly when this immigration occurred but it may be placed sometime in the window of 2000 to 1200 BC. The label q-Celtic stems from the differences between this early Celtic tongue and Italic. Some of the differences between Italic and Celtic included that lack of a p in Celtic and in place of the Italic o. At a later date, a second wave of immigrants took to the British Isles, a wave of Celts referred to as the p-Celts speaking Brythonic. Goidelic led to the formation of the three Gaelic languages spoken in Ireland, Man and later Scotland. Brythonic gave rise to two British Isles languages, Welsh and Cornish, as well as surviving on the Continent in the form of Breton, spoken in Brittany.
The Temple of Wicca, Inc. is a nonprofit organization for the perpetuation of Wicca. A place for Wiccan to become ordained as Wiccan Priests and Priestess'. "Witchcraft is recognized in the United States as a legitimate religion" (The Witches Federal Law Memorandum). And one of the fastest growing religions in the United States! As a legally Ordained Minister of the Temple of Wicca your name will be entered into the rolls of the lineage of the Temple and you have the right to Handfast and/or Marry others and give sacerdotal rites of the Ministry. I believe that spirituality is an individual and personal thing, that there are many paths that lead to the same place, and we each walk our own individual path. I also believe we are bound by what we believe. We empower things in our world and Otherworlds simply by thinking and believing in them.
Johannes Bureus, the Renaissance rune magician When I read about Johannes Thomae Agrivillensis Bureus (latinisation of Johan Bure, 1568-1652), for the first time I realised that in Northern Europe during the Renaissance there actually hàs been a mix between pre-Christian religion/mythology and typical Renaissance magic (such as Hermetic, Kabbalah, Medieval magic, etc.). I started to look for information about this interesting character and his ideas and took up the idea to find out if there were more people in which these two interesting elements came together. I noticed that not only information about Bureus is quite scarse, but that the subject as a whole is very underlighted. The writer of the article The First Northern Renaissance (in the second volume of the Tyr magazine) Stephen Edred Flowers has released on his own Rûna Raven Press a small booklet about Bureus' most famous work Adalruna Rediviva (first version 1605), which I of course got. It is reviewed in the book reviews section.
Photo: Karlevistenen, a rune stone near Karlevi on Öland Island, eulogizes a 10th-century Viking chieftain. Sweden has much in common with Denmark, and there's a healthy dose of sibling rivalry between them. The Danes ruled southern Sweden for hundreds of years, and many of the towns here exhibit Danish architecture. Only in the 17th century did the Danes relinquish their last holdings in present-day Sweden. Language is nearly the same but with some different pronunciations and spellings. A look at a map shows the biggest difference between the two countries-Sweden covers a far greater portion of the earth's surface! A crow flying from end to end would cover 1574 kilometers (978 miles) and go well above the Arctic Circle. I stayed in the southern third, which offers the most cultural interest. Compared to Denmark, the pace of life seems a bit quicker in Sweden, and the percentage of people who get around on bicycles a bit less.
The Ancient Hungarian Runic Script. Written from right to left, this script was used by the Magyars, the Avars, the Huns and other Turanian peoples since pre-Christian times. These runes are derived from the even more ancient Sumerian cuneiform writing. The word rune itself originates from the Hungarian term "róni", meaning: to write. The Celtic and Germanic runes possibly share a common origin with the Hungarian runes.
Székely Rovásirás - Orkhon Script - Orchon Alphabet (also called Hungarian runes, but unrelated to the Germanic futhark) Hungarian (Magyar) alphabet The full one A Á B C CS D DZ DZS E É F G GY Í I J K L LY M N NY O Ó Ö Ő P Q R S SZ T TY U Ú Ü Ű V W X Y Z ZS a á b c cs d dz dzs e é f g gy í i j k l ly m n ny o ó ö ő p q r s sz t ty u ú ü ű v w x y z zs Qq, Ww, Xx and Yy are optinal: in foreign words only. Or like this (Magyar only) Aa Áá Bb Cc CScs Dd DZdz DZSdzs Ee Éé Ff Gg GYgy Íí Ii Jj Kk Ll LYly Mm Nn NYny Oo Óó Öö Őő Pp Rr Ss SZsz Tt TYty Uu Úú Üü Űű Vv Zz ZSzs
Who are the SZÉKELY and CSÁNGÓ Magyars? (Based on Kiszely István: A magyar nép őstörténete Read the original in Hungarian at http://istvandr.kiszely.hu/ostortenet/in dex.html) The majority of the Székelys - some 2.5-2.7 million (by official census only 1.7 million) - are found in the Eastern and southeastern portion of the Carpathian basin, known as Transylvania, separated from the bulk of the Magyars, in the midst of strangers, living their unique, isolated way of life, never having denied their Magyar identity. Their name, in the Latinized sicul form, first appeared at the end of the 11th century, and in its Magyar form (székely, zekel) has been known since 1334. According to Hungarian chronicles and the Székely folk tradition, the Székelys are descendants of those of Attila's Hun people who had returned into the Carpathian Basin -- to Csigle-meadows of the Meadows District, under the leadership of prince Csaba. The chronicler Anonymus talked about "A székelyek, akik előbb Attila népe volt" (The Szekelys who were formerly the people of Attila); and another historian Simon Kézai wrote: "3000 hun visszatért Pannóniába... és Árpád idejéig a Csiglamezőn (Mezőségben) maradtak és ott magukat nem hunoknak, hanem székelyeknek nevezték" (3000 Huns returned to Pannonia...and until the time of Arpad they stayed on the Csiglamezo (Meadows District), calling themselves not Huns
Hungarian runes or rovás (Székely Rovásírás) are are thought to have descended from the Turkic script (Kök Turki) used in Central Asia, though some scholars believe the Hungarian Rovás pre-date the Turkic script. They were used by the Székler Magyars in Hungary until the 11th century. In remote parts of Transylvania however, the runes were still used up until the 1850s. During the 20th century there was a revival of interest in the alphabet. Translation into Modern Hungarian (Ezt) az Úr születése utáni 1501. évben írták. Mátyás, János, István kovácsok csinálták. Mátyás mester (és) Gergely mester csinálták.... English translation (This) was written in the 1501st year of our Lord. The smiths Matthias, John (and) Stephen did (this). Master Matthias (and) Master Gergely did ...
Around 600 AD, the Hungarian tribes moved southwest from their earlier territories to the coastal region of the Eastern Black Sea. The Hungarian Runes are related to the Old Turkic script, itself probably (though debatedly) deriving from Aramaic script. This is supported by the Hungarian tribes' early geographical proximity to the Göktürks. Moreover, all the letters but one for sounds which were shared by Turkic and Ancient Hungarian can be related to their Old Turkic counterparts. The inscription found in Homokmégy-Halom. From the 900s Most of the missing characters were derived by script internal extensions, rather than borrowings, but a small number of characters seem to derive from Greek, such as eF 'eF'. The Hungarian Runic script is not directly related to Germanic Runes: the only tie between them is that both derive from the Phoenician alphabet (if Old Turkic indeed does). While the modern Hungarian term for this special script (coined in the 19th century) rovás derives from the verb ró ('to score') which is derived from old Finno-Ugric, general Hungarian terminology describing the technique of writing (ír 'to write', betű 'letter', bicsak 'knife (also: for carving letters)') derive from Turkic, which supports the theory of transmission via Turks further.
The Old Turkic script (also Göktürk script, Orkhon script, Orkhon-Yenisey script; Turkish: Orhun Yazıtları, traditional Chinese: 鄂爾渾文字 ; pinyin: È'ěrhún Wénzì) is the alphabet used by the Göktürk and other early Turkic Khanates from at least the 8th century to record the Old Turkic language. It was later used by the Uyghur Empire. Additionally, a Yenisei variant is known from 9th-century Kyrgyz inscriptions, and it has likely cousins in the Talas Valley of Turkestan and the Old Hungarian script of the 10th century. The alphabet was usually written from right to left. The script is named after the Orkhon Valley in Mongolia, where early 8th century inscriptions were discovered in an 1889 expedition by Nikolay Yadrintsev. These Orkhon inscriptions were published by Vasily Radlov and deciphered by the Danish philologist Vilhelm Thomsen in 1893. These inscriptions are the earliest known texts in any Altaic language. Because of similarities to the angular shapes of the runic alphabet, the letters of the Orkhon script have been referred to as "Turkic runes" or described as "runiform". Examples of the Orhon-Yenisei alphabet are depicted on the reverse of the Azerbaijani 5 manat banknote issued since 2006
Rune stones meanings Viking rune stones of all kinds has been found recently in York, which is in England, together with old Viking coins and the die to make them. As time moves on and new discoveries are made, more and more will become known about this ancient alphabet which was first used by the Vikings in the Scandinavian countries. Rune stone alphabets have taken many different forms, as history has evolved. The one above is the most common in use today and is recognized all over the world as fully authentic. The Elder Futhark Rune stones come in many different materials including wood blocks and sticks. The most desirable gem stone such as black onyx, hematite and rock crystal are the favored choice of many today. The Elder Futhark is based on one of the ancient sets found in the British Museum. Reading the runes is a practiced art which once mastered can give astonishing insights into our own daily life.
~Welcome One, Welcome All~ To Ancient Runes at the Great Hall. We will be learning the art of Ancient Runes. We will be learning about the ancient alphabetical script which was used by wizards long, long ago. We will be learning about the historical places where Runes were created. I will be posting all lessons here at this site. You can access them by clicking the appropriate link for the appropriate lesson. You can access the class site for your grades by clicking on the "Yahoo Group Site" below. Please send all completed lessons, comments or questions to me directly. Just click on the Flying Harry picture below and he will fly it to me asap! I will be posting a Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Trivia question with each lesson. You can find the question on your current lesson page every time a new lesson is sent out. The first student from each grade level to send in the correct answer along with their assignment, will earn an extra 10 house points! Well that's it. I hope you have a wonderful time in this class. Professor Parson Ancient Runes Teacher